Koi Types

Which Of The Koi Types Are
Your Favorite?

I had so much fun with the last video that I decided to put together a new one about some of the different koi types.

What is it that distinguishes one koi type from another? Most times it is the coloration of the individual fish. Avid koi collectors spend a lot of time searching for the perfect specimen.

A person’s personal favorite type of koi is very subjective. It depends on what appeals to them aesthetically. There are many more types than I have shown in the video here.

I took all of the pictures you see in the video on a recent trip to one of my favorite koi ponds at the South Park Botanical Gardens in Buffalo, New York. If you are ever in the Buffalo area it is a wonderful place to visit!

Without further ado here is a short look at just a few of the many koi types!

I would love to hear about your favorite koi type!

Koi Pond Liners

Why Fiberglass Koi Pond Liners Are Often Best

Fiberglass koi pond liners are both versatile and strong. You can join them together to make a variety of shapes and sizes.

The preformed parts are made of durable fiberglass that has a UV resistant gel coating on the interior finish. This is the same material used to construct boats and other marine items. It is waterproof, sturdy and has a life expectancy of 30 years plus!fiberglass koi pond liners

Fiberglass pond shells are easy to install. Just excavate, level the shell on 2″-3″ of sand base, install any plumbing you are going to need and then backfill around the pond.

Complete assembly and installation instructions are provided for you if you purchase a koi pond kit.
Fiberglass pond liners have several advantages over ponds with flexible liners, and even cement koi ponds, which are often considered to be the most permanent.

First, fiberglass lined ponds are not prone to cracking due to minor ground movements and settling like cement ponds are. They can also be safer for your koi since they are chemically inert and don’t cause changes to water chemistry and pH.

Unlike flexible liners, fiberglass is not subject to rim erosion and punctures, making it much sounder structurally. Thus it is a more permanent and durable solution.

It also resists root damage and sabotage from burrowing animals. These sometimes cause extensive damage to other pond lining materials.

In addition to this, fiberglass is much easier to repair in the event that it is damaged.

Although cement is the choice of many, and flexible liners are the least expensive, I personally favor fiberglass koi pond liners!

Alan Deacon

Koi Pond Kits: Are Koi Pond Kits The Way To Go?

Koi pond kits are probably a good choice if you are installing your own Koi pond and if you are new to the Koi keeping hobby.

They should include all the necessary components and instructions that you need to successfully install and maintain your pond.Koi pond kits

Koi pond kits can be found online and at most home improvement stores. You can install the kit yourself, or you can hire a landscaper to do it for you.

They come with either pre-formed hard plastic shells, or a more flexible plastic that can be moved into the shape of your choice.

Your koi pond kit should include the filtration and aeration systems. If it doesnt it will be necessary to add these systems in order to keep your fish healthy.

Koi pond kits make setting up your own koi pond so much easier. Most of them come with a liner, filtration equipment, tubing, water treatment chemicals and more.

lf you are new to the Koi pond experience, you will want to make sure that your kit also contains thorough instructions. Buying an additional manual on Koi and Koi pond care is a good idea that will help you in the long run.

Be aware that if you want a more permanent pond you will need to install a concrete lined pond at some point. This is a much more involved and expensive process, which explains the popularity and attraction of Koi pond kits!

Koi Pond Equipment: What Type Of Equipment Do You Need For Your Koi Pond?

With Koi pond equipment, as with everything there are both wants and needs. You must be able to determine which are which.

There are also some types of equipment that, while not necessities, make caring for your pond so much easier that you should acquire them if you are able to.koi pond equipment

Remember also that you will need to make decisions on some of these things during the initial stages of your Koi pond design and construction. If you leave out the necessities at the beginning it will cost you many times over to add them later.


Pond Filter:   This piece of equipment is the “heart” of your Koi pond.  It keeps the water clean and healthy for your fish. The filter plays two very important roles. First, it mechanically removes fish waste and anything else that causes cloudiness in your pond.  Second, biological filtering changes the ammonia in your pond into nitrites and then to nitrates which renders them less toxic to your fish.

Bottom Drain:   Bottom drains are of the utmost importance in order to have a successful Koi pond.  Some ponds even need several bottom drains. Without a bottom drain your filter can’t do it’s job correctly.

Pump:   The last piece of necessary Koi pond equipment is your pump. You will want a large enough pump to send all your pond water through your filter every two to three hours. There are several factors to consider when choosing a pump. Make sure you choose an efficient pump designed specifically for Koi ponds.

These are the things you cannot do without to maintain a happy and healthy environment for your Koi. Make sure to invest in quality models of these pieces of Koi pond equipment!

Alan Deacon

Koi Pond Design: How Deep Should I Make My Koi Pond?

In my opinion all Koi ponds should be at least three feet deep and not have any areas of the pond that are less than two feet deep!

koi pond depthAll of the sides of the pond should go almost straight down rather than tapering. The pond just won’t be safe for your Koi otherwise. If you have any spots, particularly near the edge of the pond, that are less than two feet deep it is like sending out an open invitation to dinner to all the raccoons and blue heron in the area.

Even if you think you live in a relatively predator-free area you will find out differently if you don’t construct your pond defensively when it comes to depth. You might think your fish are safe if you have built a deep area with a cave for your Koi to hide in, but it will still be no match for the blue heron.blue heron eats Koi

This Koi predator will simply wade out into your pond and wait patiently for the fish to come out of hiding.

It is much more aesthetically pleasing to build your pond properly than to find out later that it’s necessary to cover it with a net. A deep pond with steep sides is the best defense against Koi predators.

Another thing to know about depth is that Koi get the most exercise by swimming up and down in the pond as opposed to back and forth, thus to raise healthy, large Koi three feet deep is just the bare minimum. You might want to include an area up to six feet in depth to provide for plenty of exercise as well as safety.

There is a little room to play with when figuring depths for your Koi pond but make sure you take the forgoing tips seriously when planing your Koi pond design!

Alan Deacon

Koi Pond Design: Shape Is VERY Important In Koi Pond Design!

Just how important is shape in your Koi pond design? The answer is that it’s much more important than many people realize.

Sometimes people will get overly creative with the shape of their pond. This creates many problems they don’t realize until it’s too late.Koi pond shape

The consequences of some of these rambling designs become noticeable only after the pond is built and filled with water.

They find that it is very difficult and time consuming to keep these types of ponds clean.

Many times the pond is shaped so that it has “dead” areas where  water doesn’t circulate properly. Organic debris such as leaves, twigs and grasses will collect there and eventually sink. Then this debris will begin decomposing at the bottom of the pond.

The bottom contour of the pond is another important part of your Koi pond design. Flat bottom ponds will need frequent vacuuming to keep them clean.

If you want to build a pond that is as “maintenance free” as possible then you need to pay close attention to both the shape of the pond and the inside contour, right from the edge of your pond all the way to the bottom drain.

You want to contour the bottom of the pond so that, through gravity, debris makes it’s way along the bottom towards the drain.

A well designed pond shape and contour can save you many hours of  work and provide a healthier environment for your Koi through proper Koi pond design!

You can find out how to plan for a well designed Koi pond in my Ebook “Koi Care Basics” available at KoiCareBasics.com.

Alan Deacon

Koi Pond Construction: Where Should I Put My Koi Pond?

When you are deciding about the placement of your Koi pond there are several things to consider.

First, koi ponds do better in a shaded or partially shaded spot than in full sun.

Shady Koi pondYou can place a Koi pond in full sun, but a shadier area will  slow algae growth considerably and helps prevent the water from becoming too hot during the warm summer months.

If you build your pond in a sunny location you might want to consider putting up an arbor or awning to provide your pond with some shade.

Shade also helps with protecting your Koi from predators…it gives them a place to hide. And, believe it or not, Koi can get sunburned so having some shade gives them a place to go to keep out of the direct sunlight!

Leaves from trees near the pond, with the exception of pines, shouldn’t cause problems  if your pond is well designed.  Pine needles can create quite a mess as they can make their way through skimmers and leaf baskets and clog up your pump.

Once you have picked a spot and decided on a shape for your pond you can use a garden hose or rope to outline it’s size and shape.  This will give you some idea of  how the pond will look.

Keep in mind that your new Koi pond will probably be the central feature of your landscaping. Once you have the general outline shape of the pond established you can get a approximate idea of how many gallons it would be by multiplying the average length by the average width by the average depth by 7.5 gallons per cubic foot.

You’ll still have quite a few decisions to make but you’ll have a good starting point!

Happy pond designing!

Alan Deacon

Koi Pond Building: What You Need To Know About Koi Pond Building

Even if you are having your pond installed professionally you need to have a grasp on some of the basics concerning Koi pond building. There are practical considerations that must be kept in mind!

Among prettiest aquatic fauna, Koi fish are member of the ornamental species of lovely Japanese fish, Carp or common Carp. This species is also known as Cyprinus Carpio. The Japanese have been taming these attractive fish for a long time and they are believed to be symbols of friendship, love and good fortune. Koi pond building can also be an artistic expression of ornamental design. There are, however, practical considerations that need to be kept in mind!building a koi pond

With time and advent of great technologies the tradition grew all across the world for people to tame these striking fish. This leisure pursuit was combined with a desire for beautiful backyards/gardens.

Hence, it has become the hottest gardening today. No modern garden is complete without a Koi pond. Koi ponds are believed to be a wonderful relaxation tool. After spending an exhausting or stressful day, everyone wants an opportunity to relax. Nothing is more relaxing than passing time your beautiful garden and feeding pretty Koi fish.

If you too are tempted with the idea but don’t know how to build a Koi pond … scroll down and learn some of the most important things you need to know about Koi pond building-

· The first guidelines on Koi pond building deals with a decision on some of the most important parts of the pond. This includes includes size, area, design and number of fish that you want to keep in your pond.

· You also need to understand the key to keeping your Koi healthy in the pond. Your pond will need to be be deeper than a gold fish pond or regular water garden. Normally the water garden and Gold Fish ponds are shallower than the Koi Fish pond. Koi grow very fast and become quite large. Therefore they need more room to maintain a good water quality. A standard Koi pond is always deeper and larger than other types of garden ponds. The minimum depth should be not less than 3′ and if you increase it more, it will be better for the health of your lovely pet.

· A good Koi pond is always made above the ground level, as it ensures a complete protection of the fishes that are inside the pond. On average, people keep the edge of the pond minimum 6 inches above the ground while professional Koi keepers keep the height at least 18 inches.

· The filtration need is another important part of Koi pond building. Koi fish are among the most delicate fauna on the planet and they can not cope with non-filtered water. Hence, Koi ponds should be always filled with clean water. People use many different types of biofilters to provide a clean water to their pets. These biofilters are available in different sizes and ranges. Do your studying and be sure choose the right type and size for your pond.

· Knowledge of perfect water chemistry is also considered extremely important. You need to know how to test your water daily and make adjustments to keep the water chemistry stable.

Building a Koi pond is not too much of an ordeal apart from digging the pond area. Just make sure to keep all the most important components in mind when you undertake Koi pond building!

Feeding Koi: Feeding Koi Right Depends On The Season

The key to feeding Koi properly is that feeding Koi depends on the season. Actually, to be more specific, feeding Koi depends on the water temperature.

If you are feeding Koi in heated ponds then they can have a regular, year-round diet. Koi kept in heated ponds do not have to adjust to changes in water temperature.

Feeding Koi properly during the summer months encourages growth, helps in tissue maintenance and repair as well as helping lay down fat deposits and providing nutients that the fish can store for use during the winter months.

When water temperatures are between 64-68 degrees Fahrenheit (18-20 degrees Celcius) feeding Koi should incorporate a high protein diet that will promote growth. Conversely, feeding Koi in cooler temperatures involves less protein as it becomes more difficult to digest then. Instead it is excreted into the water, which not only makes feeding Koi more protein a bad feeding plan, but also pollutes the pond water.

You need to assess feeding Koi in the cooler months of fall and spring when Koi appetites are subdued. During this time feeding Koi should involve a change from a high protein feed to a wheat germ based diet that is easier to digest in the cooler temperatures.

Feeding Koi at temperatures below 46-50 degrees Fahrenheit should stop altogether. In these twater temperatures Koi won’t feed at all and will rely on the nutrients that it’s already stored to get it through the winter.

When the weather begins to warm up again and your fish begin seeking out food you can start feeding Koi the wheat germ based diet again. Then begin feeding Koi by gradually mixing in the higher protein summer food as the water warms up.

Amounts for feeding Koi depend on their age and body temperature. Feeding Koi fry is different from feeding Koi adults. When water temperature is around 68 degrees Fahrenheit Koi up to 1 year old eat 5-10% of their body weight, Koi between 1 and 3 years of age consume 5% of their body weight daily and adult Koi (3 years and older) consume 2% of their body weight daily.koi food

A good rule of thumb for feeding Koi is to offer as much food as they will eat within 2-3 minutes at each feeding. When feeding Koi you will notice a big surge of activity at the beginning of each meal, then as they start to get full they will eat more slowly. This is the point at which you should stop feeding Koi.

As far as the frequency of feeding Koi take note that at temperatures of around 68 degrees Fahrenheit (20 degrees Celcius) feeding Koi should be planned for 2-3 times per day. Feeding Koi in colder temperatures (50-59 degrees Fahrenheit or 10-15 degrees Celcius) is only required once per day.

As you can see, it is extremely important to note seasons and temperatures when feeding Koi!

If you are looking for an exceptional Koi food enter “Hikari Koi food” in the search box when you follow this link for feeding Koi!

Alan Deacon
You can learn much more at my site…

Koi Breeding: How To Breed Your Own Koi

Although it began in Japan, today Koi breeding takes place all over the world. Many people enjoy Koi ponds and some may even consider trying their hand at Koi breeding.

With that in mind let’s get down to the basics!

The first thing you need to do is to determine the sex of your Koi. This is impossible to do until the fish becomes sexually mature which usually hapens when it gets to 10 inches or longer. Even sexually mature fish can be tricky to sex but in general a male Koi will be less plump than a female Koi because a mature female has filled ovaries that expand her body.

The sexually mature male Koi typically looks more slim and streamlined and often has larger and somewhat more pointed pectoral fins than the female. There are some exceptions to these general rules and it is possible to have a scrawny female or fat male Koi fish.

When Koi breeding season begins the male Koi will develop two white spots on his head and on the first rays of his pectoral fins. The breeding tubercles will look like small white elevated spots and can be hard to recognize. The Koi breeder sometimes becomes alarmed and treats their fish for itch when they notice the small white spots, but with practice soon learns to recognize them.

Koi breeding can produce an endless variety of colors and patterns!

Koi breeding can produce an endless variety of colors and patterns!

If you keep your Koi in an outdoor pond they will start to spawn in late spring and early summer as the water temperature begins to rise. A water temperature around 20 degrees Celcius or 68 degrees Fahrenheit is ideal to stimulate Koi breeding.

If you keep a lot of Koi together a so-called flock spawning will occur. A flock spawning will give you an abundance of healthy offspring but breeders try to avoid them because these fish often display less desirable colorations.

Thus, during professional Koi breeding, the fish keeper will select desirable parent fish and place them in their own pond. You will need one female and two to three males for a successful Koi breeding.

If you don’t want to dig a new pond especially for Koi breeding you can use a children’s swimming pool. To increase the chances of spawning you can change the water frequently and lower the water temperature somewhat.

Adult Koi eat live foods such as worms and flies and parents won’t hesitate to eat eggs as well as free swimming offspring in their own pond! During professional Koi breeding when a large survival rate is important the eggs are best placed in their own ponds.

Collecting the eggs will be difficult if you let your fish deposit eggs all over the pond. Most breeders therefore use spawning mops. A spawning mop can be made from frayed nylon ropes or pieces of cotton string that are placed on the surface of the pond.

The breeding fish see the mops as floating plants and will most likely choose them as a breeding site.

During the Koi breeding you will eventually notice that the males are chasing the female. This behavior usually goes on for several days before any eggs are released.

When the females deposit their eggs at the spawning mop the males will immediately go over and fertilize them. The spawning mops can then be removed and placed in a fry raising pond.

As you can see, though it takes some preparation and attention it is not all that difficult to perform a successful Koi breeding.

Alan Deacon